关键词：校车管理 自主配备 学生安全
Haikou Issued School Bus Safety Management Measures, Giving School Buses “Identity Cards”
Key words: School bus management, Self-equipped, Student safety
On July 29, 2020, Haikou Municipal People’s Government in Hainan Province has officially issued the “Haikou City School Bus Safety Management Trial Measures”, which will be implemented on August 1, 2020, and will be valid for two years. The Measures refine and clarify the safety management responsibilities and safety management linkage mechanism of the functional departments of Haikou Municipal Government, confirm the application, responsibilities and conditions of school bus service providers for school bus service work, and assure the infrastructure conditions to ensure school bus safety to be standardized.
The method pointed out that schools can independently equip their own school buses to pick up and drop off their students. At the same time, the following units established in accordance with the law can provide school bus services: urban public transportation companies; road passenger transportation companies; school bus service providers approved by the Haikou Municipal Government to engage in school bus services. Schools that use school bus service providers to provide school bus services should sign a school bus safety management responsibility letter with the school bus service provider, specify their respective safety management responsibilities, and implement school bus operation safety management measures.
For schools or school bus service providers that apply for the use of school buses, if approved, Haikou Municipal Government will issue an approval letter for use of school bus, and the traffic police department will issue the school bus signs. The school bus sign shall record the vehicle’s license plate number, motor vehicle owner, driver, driving route, driving time, stopping station, license issuing unit, expiration date and other specific information. The school bus signs are divided into the two parts – the front and the rear, which are respectively placed on the lower right corner of the front windshield glass and the appropriate position of the rear windshield glass. In addition, the method pointed out that school buses should be equipped with on-board caretakers. The school bus for lower grade students shall be equipped with at least one car-carrying staff. And the car-carrying staff are responsible for children’s safety in the bus. Students are not allowed to take the passenger seat.
School bus safety management has always been the focus of the work of the public security traffic control department. In 2012, China promulgated the “School Bus Safety Management Regulations”, which defines a “school bus” as a passenger car with more than 7 seats that is licensed in accordance with these regulations and used to transport students receiving compulsory education to and from school. This regulation is to strengthen the safety management of school buses and protect the personal safety of students riding on the school buses.
In recent years, there have been frequent school bus accidents, and the traffic safety of students traveling has been highly concerned by governments at all levels and the different ranks of society. School buses take the important task of transporting primary and secondary school students and young children. This duty is closely tied to the heart and happiness of thousands of families. This action by Haikou City is the specific implementation of the “School Bus Management Regulations”, which plays an important role in ensuring the safety of students on the bus and helping to resume work and school better.