“目睹家暴也是受害者”,立法保护孩子就得体贴入微

关键词:未成年人保护,家庭暴力,心理创伤

据报道,《广东省实施〈中华人民共和国反家庭暴力法〉办法》7月28日提交省十三届人大常委会第二十二次会议审议。考虑到对目睹家庭暴力的未成年人的保护,该草案规定:目睹家庭暴力的未成年人是家庭暴力受害人。此外,草案还规定,学校、幼儿园应当区分不同年龄阶段,对学生、幼儿开展自我保护意识宣传教育,提高其自我保护能力。

如果说《未成年人保护法》《妇女儿童权益保护法》《婚姻法》《反家庭暴力法》为保护未成年人保护提供了良好、坚实的基础,如今广东省的地方立法则将为未成年人竖起更完善的法律保护屏障。

客观来说,这部公众瞩目的草案并非完美,立法位阶过低,效力范围过窄。但从国家立法到地方立法的不懈努力,既让我们感受到,反家庭暴力的法律藩篱变得越加细密,也让我们对保护未成年人权益有了更强的信心。

评论

草案将目睹家庭暴力的未成年人纳入法律保护范畴,体现了法治进步的科学合理,是依法保护未成年人的一大举措。虽然目睹家暴的未成年人只是家暴的间接受害者,表面上没有遭受实质性的伤害,但是长期目睹家暴带来的潜移默化的影响,不仅会给孩子的心灵造成创伤,甚至还会形成逆反的扭曲性格,随着年龄的增长滋生暴力倾向,最后对社会造成负面影响。因此,社会不应将目睹家暴的未成年人置于被忽视的角落,应对家暴问题给予重视,立法保护未成年人不受家庭暴力的非法伤害。

原文链接:

https://guancha.gmw.cn/2020-07/30/content_34043815.htm

撰稿:梁初楚

翻译:丁琦

编辑:兰嘉颖

“Domestic violence witness is also the victim”, Legislation set to Protect Children Needs to be Considered

Key words: Juvenile Protection, Domestic Violence, Psychological Trauma

It is reported that the Measures for the Implementation of the Law of the people’s Republic of China on Anti-domestic Violence in Guangdong Province was submitted to the 22nd session of the Standing Committee of the 13th Provincial People’s Congress for consideration on July 28th, 2020. Considering the protection of minors who witness domestic violence, the draft proposes that minors who witness domestic violence are victims of domestic violence. In addition, the draft stipulates that schools and kindergartens should carry out publicity and education on self-protection awareness of students and children for different ages, so as to improve their self-protection ability.

“Juvenile Protection Law”, “Law on the Protection of Women and Children”, “Marriage Law” and “Anti-domestic violence Law” can be understood as laying a good and practical foundation for the protection of minors. Now, the latest legislation of Guangdong Province will create a more complete legal protection barrier for minors.

Objectively speaking, this high-profile draft is not perfect. The legislative rank is too low and the scope of effect is too narrow. However, this is the embodiment of unremitting efforts from national legislation to local legislation. This makes the public feel that the legal barriers against domestic violence have become more and more detailed, and citizens have stronger confidence in protecting the rights and interests of minors.

Comment

The draft includes minors who witness domestic violence into the scope of legal protection. This step is a major measure to protect minors according to law and reflects the law’s scientific and reasonable progress. Admittedly, minors who witness domestic violence are not direct victims of domestic violence, and they do not suffer substantial physical injuries most of the time. Nevertheless, the subtle influence of witnessing domestic violence in the long term will not only cause psychological trauma to children but will also form rebellious characters. As they grow up, these psychologically injured children will develop a tendency towards violence, which ultimately leads to negative impacts to the society. Therefore, minors who witnessed domestic violence should not be ignored. Instead, special attention should be paid to the problem of domestic violence, and legislative actions to protect minors should be taken.

Reference(s):

https://guancha.gmw.cn/2020-07/30/content_34043815.htm

Writer:Chuchu Liang

Translator:Qi Ding

Editor:Jiaying Lan

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