参加夏令营不戴口罩,美国佐治亚州数百儿童感染

关键词:不戴口罩,聚集性疫情,儿童感染

美国全国广播公司报道,当地时间7月31日,美国疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)表示,上个月在佐治亚州的一个夏令营暴发聚集性疫情。该事件证明,儿童对新冠病毒易感,并且“在传播中发挥了重要作用”。

报道称,CDC表示,该夏令营共有597名参与者和工作人员。根据目前对58%的人员的检测结果,已至少有260人感染。

据了解,该夏令营未遵守疾控中心要求所有参与者佩戴口罩的建议,仅要求工作人员戴口罩。从6月17日到20日,营地对138名受训人员和120名工作人员举办了说明会,其中多数人年龄在21岁以下。

不过这个夏令营主办单位遵守了佐治亚州的行政命令,要求所有人必须在抵达前12天内做新冠病毒检测,并且出示阴性结果证明。

6月21日,夏令营正式开营,363名年龄在6岁至19岁的参与者入营,参加了各种室内和室外的活动,睡在最多可容纳26人的木屋中。6月23日,一名年轻工作人员在感冒后离开营地,次日接受新冠病毒检测,结果呈阳性。6月27日,参与者回家,夏令营关闭。

卫生当局自6月25日展开调查发现,344人中多达260人筛检结果为阳性,其中230多人年龄在17岁及以下,74%的感染者出现包括发烧、头痛以及喉咙痛等轻微症状,而其他确诊者皆没有症状。

CDC报告说:“这项结果显示,新型冠状病毒在年轻族群的同寝过夜环境中有效传染,导致所有年龄层的高侵袭率。”

报告还称,这项发现显示“所有年龄的儿童都容易感染新型冠状病毒,并且和先前报告相反的是,他们可能在传播疫情上扮演重要角色。”

评论

新型冠状病毒的肺炎感染疫情期间,儿童防护和成人防护基本一致,但儿童的抵抗力相对弱,因此需要更加注意。儿童防护的宗旨是保持、提高自身抵抗力水平。面对突如其来的疫情,儿童作为一个特殊的群体,抵抗力弱,容易受到病原体的侵袭,需要格外的呵护。疫情期间,儿童的身体健康保护工作不可忽视,家长除了做到对儿童正确及时的隔离防护,还应通过合理饮食、适度锻炼等方式增强儿童自身免疫力,提高对疾病的抵抗能力。

原文链接:

http://www.chinanews.com/gj/2020/08-01/9253827.shtml

撰稿:姜南

翻译:段一鹏

Camping without masks on, hundreds of children in Georgia, US were infected with COVID-19

Key words: Not wearing masks, Cluster transmission, Child infection

According to NBC, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed COVID-19 cluster transmission in a summer camp in Georgia on July 31st. This fact has proved that children are susceptible to contracting COVID-19, and they play an important role in the transmission of COVID-19.

CDC said the camp had 597 participants and staff members. Upon testing 58% of them, at least 260 people have tested positive for COVID-19.

The camp did not follow CDC’s advice that all participants should wear masks, and only required staff members to wear masks. Between June 17th to 20th, the host committee held an information session for 138 trainees and 120 staff members, most of whom were under the age of 21.

However, host committee of the camp did follow administrative order of the state of Georgia, and required that everyone test negative for COVID-19 within 12 days prior to their arrival to the camp, and submit test results.

June 21st, when the camp officially began, 363 participants between the ages of 6 to 19 arrived, participated in various indoor and outdoor activities, and slept in cabins which could hold a maximum of 26 people. June 23rd, a young staff member left camp site after getting a cold, and tested positive for COVID-19 the next day. June 27th, participants were sent home and the camp closed.

Officials began their investigation on June 25th, and found that 260 out of 344 people have tested positive for COVID-19. More than 230 of them are under 17 years old, and 74% of those infected show mild symptoms of fever, headache, sore throat and so on. Others infected show no symptoms.

A report by CDC concluded that the results show COVID-19 to be transmitting among young people sleeping in the same environment, which implies that all age groups are likely to contract COVID-19.

The report also found children of all ages to be susceptible to COVID-19. Contrary to the findings of earlier reports, children can play a significant role in transmitting COVID-19 as well.

Comment

Although children and adults take the same precautions during COVID-19 outbreak, children have relatively weaker immune systems and therefore they need to be treated more cautiously. Precaution for children should follow the principle of maintaining and enhancing children’s immunity. During the unexpected pandemic, children are an especially vulnerable group due to their low immunity. They  can be easily attacked by coronavirus, therefore extra care for children is necessary. During COVID-19 pandemic, protecting children’s health is extremely important. In addition to putting children in home quarantine, parents should also help increase children’s immunity by paying attention to healthy, balanced diet and motivating them to exercise.

Reference(s):

https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/27-07-2020-world-hepatitis-day-fast-tracking-the-elimination-of-hepatitis-b-among-mothers-and-children

Writer:Nan Jiang

Translator:Yipeng Duan

Editor:Jiaying Lan

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