全球有三分之一的儿童铅中毒

关键词:儿童、铅中毒、风险、措施

据2020年7月30日联合国儿童基金会报告,儿童经常成长过程中不经意地受到伤害,造成生命危险,吸入未经监管的废旧铅酸电池回收作业和露天冶炼厂的灰尘和烟尘,吃掉被铅污染的釉陶器和香料的食物,住在含铅涂料剥落的房屋中,玩含铅的玩具,喝被铅污染的水,甚至在含铅的电子垃圾场工作。这样的例子不胜枚举。

儿童时期接触铅会导致智商水平降低,产生行为问题,并在以后的生活中增加肾脏损害和心血管疾病的风险。

联合国儿童基金会和Pure Earth呼吁采取紧急行动,包括制定更严格的环境,健康和安全法规,以及对医疗服务进行投资,以监测,测试和治疗儿童的铅暴露。

评论

铅通过不受管制的铅酸电池回收操作、电子垃圾、陶器、香料、油漆、玩具和饮用水渗入儿童体内。建议目前使用铅管的国家更换对儿童健康无害的其他管道。此外,对低收入和中等收入国家的汽车电池回收进行管理,以解决非法和不安全的铅酸电池回收问题。父母要让孩子远离含铅的玩具和陶器。

原文链接:

https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6694674243336052736?ts=1596466631160&trk=article_share_wechat

撰稿:何凤蝶

翻译:何凤蝶

编辑:任书仪

1 in 3 children are poisoned by lead globally

Key words: Children, Lead poisoning, Risk, Measures

According to the UNICEF report of 30 July 2020, often unwittingly and with life-altering consequences, children are growing up in harm’s way, inhaling dust and fumes from unregulated used lead-acid battery recycling operations and open-air smelters, eating food contaminated by lead-glazed pottery and lead-infused spices, living in homes with peeling lead paint, playing with lead-covered toys, drinking lead contaminated water and even working in lead-laced electronic waste dumps. The list goes on.

Childhood lead exposure can lead to lower IQ levels, behavioral issues and increased risk of kidney damage and cardiovascular diseases in later life.

UNICEF and Pure Earth are calling for urgent action including stronger environmental, health and safety legislation, and investment in health services to monitor, test and treat children’s exposure to lead.

Comment

Lead is silently seeping into children’s bodies through unregulated lead-acid battery recycling operations, electronic waste dumps, pottery, spices, paint, toys and drinking water. It is recommended that countries that currently use lead pipes replace other pipes that are not harmful to children’s health. In addition, regulate the recycling of vehicle batteries in low- and middle-income countries to tackle the illegal and unsafe recycling of lead-acid batteries. Parents keep children away from toys and crockery that contain lead.

Reference(s): https://www.linkedin.com/feed/update/urn:li:activity:6694674243336052736?ts=1596466631160&trk=article_share_wechat

Writer:He Fengdie

Translator:He Fengdie

Editor:Shuyi Ren

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