关键词：星级预警分类 家暴 未成年人
Innovative Measures to Care For Minors Involved in Domestic Violence according to the Classification of Star-Rating Warning
Key words: Classification of star-rating warning, Domestic violence, Minors
Abstract: This essay mainly explains the positive effect of the Opinions on Early Warning and Intervention on the Mental Health of Minors Involved in Domestic Violence jointly put forward by the Women’s Federation and Education Bureau of Jianggan District in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province on preventing the occurrence of domestic violence cases involving minors.
1. Analysis of the causes of frequent domestic violence
In recent years, domestic violence cases have become increasingly fierce, and many minors are suffering from the persecution of domestic violence. So-called family violence is not only a household matter , but a societal issue which refers to behaviors between family members by beating, binding, shuttering or adopting other actions to family member’s physical, psychological and sexual damage and destruction. Because of their physical or mental vulnerability, children are constantly in a state of oppression.Analysis of the causes of frequent domestic violence
There are several explanations for the existence of domestic violence: first, it could be related to the abuser’s family of origin. In this case, most abusers lack the ability to deal with family conflicts due to the harm done to them when they were young. Hence, they often attempt to handle conflicts by means of arguments or violence. Another reason could be the pathological personality possessed by some people. It is possible that the abuser has a personality disorder or some special mental illnesses, which lead to he or she having a tendency towards using some forms of coercive violence to express emotions.
2.The positive role of classification of star-rating warning
The Opinions on Early Warning and Intervention for The Mental Health of Minors Involved in Domestic Violence (hereinafter referred to as the Opinions), jointly introduced by the Women’s Federation and the District Education Bureau of Jianggan District, Hangzhou city, Zhejiang Province, puts forward the star-rating warning system. The so-called star-rating warning classification, Women’s Federation of Jianggan District classifies the alerts involved with domestic violence against minors into four categories with different star-ratings according to the identity of the person reporting the incident and the cause of the incident: children making police reports because of parents’ disputes, children calling the police because of parenting, parents’ calling for police because of parenting and grandparents or neighbors’ calling for police because of parenting. Meanwhile, the extent to which the rights and interests of children in the families who call the police have been violated and their physical and mental health conditions will be preliminary assessed according to the severity of the alarm. The consequence of the assessment can be classified as three-stars concern (senior age and out of school with rebellious personality, psychological health, physical conflict with parents), two-stars concern (junior age with tense relationship with parents) and one-star concern (improper parenting). After making this kind of classification, the evaluation results will be simultaneously given by the Women’s Federation of Jianggan District to the Education Bureau and other relevant departments as well as the street and women’s Federation of the community, so warnings can be made timely. In addition, in terms of protection measures, the three-star concern mainly focuses on the education and guidance of parents by the women’s Federation, and schools focusing on strengthening psychological counseling of minors. For two-star concern, family counselors and “Qiantang A Jie” rights protection volunteers provide care for minors, focusing on resolving family conflicts. Minors involved in one-star concern shall be cared for by the community, grid members and corridor managers. And improper parental education methods shall be corrected timely in daily visits.
3.How to better protect the healthy growth of minors
Recently, a deputy to the National People’s Congress suggested that parents should take up post as parents with certificate of qualification. Although this proposal sounds unrealistic, it actually makes sense to some extent, because a lot of children suffer from domestic violence because their parents lack parenting experience and relative capacity. There should be thoughts of putting equal weight on both “giving birth” and “raising the child”. Maybe such recommendation will help with the exploration of proper parenting education for parents, especially to establish a one-to-one teaching plan to change the view of the parents who have problematic tendency . In addition to parents, the school and the society should give minors more care and love, only when we are united as one, can we build a relatively harmonious future for children!