Shanghai Released the “Juvenile Judicial and Social Work Service Standards”
Key words: Juvenile delinquency, Judicial and social work service standards, protection of juvenile rights and interests
On July 31st, the “Juvenile Judicial and Social Work Service Standards” (hereinafter referred to as the “Standards”), jointly drafted by Shanghai Youth Service and Rights Protection Office, Shanghai Sunshine Youth Community Affairs Center, Shanghai Yiyang Youth Social Work Promotion Center, Shanghai High People’s Court, Shanghai People’s Procuratorate, Shanghai Municipal Public Security Bureau and Shanghai Social Workers Association, was officially released. This is the country’s first provincial standard in the field of juvenile justice and social work services and will be in effect on October 1st this year.
The “Standards” advances crime prevention and adds “minors with bad behaviors”, “minors with serious bad behaviors” into the service objects, so as to achieve the effect of “pulling them back from the brink” in a timely manner. The “Standards” sets out not only the juvenile crime prevention, but also the adjustment of juvenile psychological state. According to the statistics from judicial organs, in recent years, Shanghai approves the arrest of more than 200 minors involving in crimes on average every year. The intellectual development, discernment and self-control of minors are not yet mature, hence the significance of early intervention is self-evident. In the “Standards”, the first service principle is to give priority to the benefits of minors: “Respect the personal dignity of minors, give minors special and prioritized protection, and adopt a combination of educational and protective methods to provide services that adapt to the rules and characteristics of minors’ physical and mental development.” Regarding the protection of the minors, only by “suiting the remedy to the case” according to the needs of teenagers can practical results be achieved.
The “Standards” includes situational and personalized services for minors in violation of the law at different stages, linking judicial protection and social protection. Besides, the “Standards” also covers the norms for and restriction on social workers. For instance, it confirms the status of social workers with the authority of local standards and increases the recognition of social workers; it promotes the establishment of a quality monitoring and evaluation system for juvenile judicial and social work; it improves the professionalism and service quality of juvenile social workers, and promotes the participation of social workers in job refinement reform of judicial protection and social work.
The promulgation of the “Juvenile Judicial and Social Work Service Standard” aims to build a better social support system for the judicial protection of minors. Because minors’ minds are not mature enough and their identification ability is limited, it is necessary and meaningful to advance crime prevention. The formulation of the “Standards” integrates Shanghai’s actual needs for juvenile judicial protection and relevant policies and systems, as well as relevant practical experience in juvenile judicial and social work. The promulgation of the “Standards” helps to standardize and restrict social workers, to clarify their identity and status, thus improving the professionalism and service quality of juvenile judicial and social workers, promoting the protection of minors, and also enabling social workers to have more sense of acquisition.
Writer: Wenxuan Hong
Translator: Xinyue Bai
Editor: Nuoyao Zong